Tor Project


The Tor Project refers to a non-profit organization and the software it develops, primarily the Tor browser. Tor, which stands for “The Onion Router,” is an open-source privacy network that enables users to browse the internet anonymously. It is designed to protect users’ personal privacy, freedom, and ability to conduct confidential communication by routing their internet traffic through a worldwide, volunteer-operated network. This process effectively masks users’ location and usage from anyone conducting network surveillance or traffic analysis.

Using Tor makes it more challenging to trace internet activity to the user, including visits to websites, online posts, instant messages, and other communication forms. It is based on the principle of ‘onion routing’, where internet data is encrypted and transmitted through a series of network nodes, or relays, run by thousands of volunteers worldwide. Each relay decrypts a layer of encryption to reveal only the next relay in the circuit, preventing any single relay from knowing the complete path the data has taken.

The Tor browser is widely used for various purposes, including by those who wish to protect their personal privacy from websites that track their activities, by people in countries where the internet is censored, and by journalists and activists who require a secure communication platform.

However, like any technology, it can be misused. It’s important to understand that while Tor provides enhanced privacy and security, it does not guarantee complete anonymity. Moreover, its use can sometimes slow down internet browsing due to the way traffic is routed.